Kỷ niệm CM tháng 8 & Quốc khánh 2/9Danh thắng Tràng AnPostcard Tràng An No1Postcard Tràng An No3Postcard Trang An No2Ngọ môn - Cố đô Huế

 

 

 

Comming soon

Barringtonia Asiatica

Samples/set : 02 samples & 01 Sheet

FDC : 02 sample

Maxicards : 02 samples

Date of issue : 4/2015

Introduction

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A few words about history of postage stamps
in the World and Vietnam

 

* Postage Stamps in the World 

 

Postal operation came into being long time ago to meet the requirements of information exchange and satisfy the need of people to communicate with one another. At first, the postal service was very simple and mainly for the state-offices, high-ranking officials and mandarins. Along with economic and social development, the demand for communications also increased so postal service had been developing, too. Originally, those who received letters were charged. However, this method was inconvenient and the administration lost a lot of money.

Sir. Rowland Hill (1795 -1879), the then postmaster-general of Great Britain had come up with an idea to charge the sender in advance with a small printed piece of paper affixed on the envelop. As a result, postage stamps came into being; and on 6 May 1840 the first postage stamps were issued featuring the portrait of Queen Victoria of England in black with the face value of one penny.

The appearance of postage stamps has greatly contributed to the improvement of postal operation, accelerating communications and giving a new impetus to postal services.

Later, other countries also issued their own postage stamps:

      - In 1843: Brazil;
      - In 1847: the United States of America
      - In 1849: France, Belgium and Switzerland
      - In 1850: Austria and Spain
      - In 1852: Denmark
      - In 1857: Russia...

Apart from being a means of pre-payment, postage stamps are also works of art. They are much favoured, sought after and exchanged by many philatelists and collectors. So postage stamps have fulfilled another function itself as a hobby for stamp-lover and philatelists as well. Philately (or stamp collecting) appeared first in England in 1841 and later on spread to other countries. The Universal Postal Union was founded in 09 October 1874 in Switzerland and then the International Federation of Philately (FIP) was founded in 1926 in Paris and the Federation of Inter-Asian Philately was founded in 14 September 1974 in Singapore (now Vietnam is member of the above mentioned organizations)

 

* Postage Stamps in Vietnam 

 

In Vietnam, immediately after their invasion of South Vietnam in 1859, the French colonialists had organized postal services, mainly for military purpose and French senior official at that time.

According to many archives, the first postage stamp officially circulated in Cochinchina (now South Vietnam) in 1863 by the French colonialists. The stamp features the image of imperial eagle. This stamp was used in all French colonies (the difference had been only seen on the postmarks of each colony).

Most of researchers share the view that the first type of commercial stamps appeared in Vietnam in the period between 1886 and 1887, overprinted with the letters C.CH (abbreviation of Cochinchine - now South Vietnam).

In 1888, this kind of stamps was widely used by French colonialists of which in central Vietnam was overprinted with the letter A (abbreviation of ANNAM - now central of Vietnam) and used in northern Vietnam were over-printed with the letter T (abbreviation of TONKIN - now North Vietnam).

In 1889, the Indochinese stamps officially came into being and were used in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. These were colonial stamps over-printed with "INDO-CHINE", the number 1889 or 89, the two letters R and D and the number 5 (the letter R is the abbreviation for RICHAUD, the French Governor’s surname; and the letter D - DEMARS the surname of the Postmaster general)

From 1941 to 1945, almost all of Indochinese stamps were designed by Vietnamese painters and printed in Vietnam as well.

On 2 September 1945, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam proclaimed the independence. The young Republic could not immediately issue its own stamps, so some of the Indochinese stamps were temporarily used with surcharged "DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM’, "INDEPENDENCE, FREEDOM, HAPPINESS’, "POSTS", "FAMINE RELIEF" and "PEOPLE’S LIVELIHOOD"...

Altogether, 13 different inscriptions were overprinted on 53 different Indochinese stamps converting into 57 Vietnamese stamps.

On 2 September 1946, marking the first National Day of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the Postal Administration of Vietnam issued the stamp-set featuring the President Ho Chi Minh’s portrait upon decree No. 172/SL signed on August 27th by the Government President. This stampset consisting of 5 values of the same design with different colours and face values designed by painter Nguyen Sang. Among these denominations, there were two with extra-tax for national salvation. The issuance of this stamp-set was an important stage in the development of Vietnam Postage Stamps.

In the arduous years of the resistance war against the French colonialists (1946 - 1954), the Postal Administration of Vietnam also issued postage stamps in order to meet the need for pre-paid postage on postal network and at the same time to popularize the Party and State’s policies and victories of the Vietnamese people and army such as the stamp-set: "Production and thrift", "Dien Bien Phu victory", "Liberation of the capital" etc. Stamps were printed by the most rudimentary means, using all the local material available, even perforated by sewing machine or other rudimentary tools.

Noteworthy was that some stamps were printed with face values in kilograms of rice. The first stamps of such kind are the series "Production and thrift" issued in 1953 with 4 face values of 0K600, 1K000, 2K000, and 5K000.

By the victory at Dien Bien Phu, the French Government was forced to sign the Geneva Agreement and the peace restored in North Vietnam. Since then, a new stage of development has been opened to Vietnam postage stamps.

From 1945 to 1975, Vietnam had undergone an extraordinary historical change. There existed several political regimes in the country and they all issued their own postage stamps. Historically, there were two major ideologies of stamps, namely:

 

 A - Postage stamps issued by Revolution Government 

 

They included stamps issued by Revolution Administrations in different periods.

 

I - Postage stamps issued by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam:

 

1 - The over-printed Indochinese stamps: 1945 - 1946 (temporary stamps).

 

2 - The stamps issued by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam:

From 2 September 1946 to 24 June 1976, circulated in North Vietnam.

 

II - Postage stamps issued by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam:

 

Since 24 June 1976, circulated all over the country.

 

III - Postage stamps issued by the National Front for Liberation of South Vietnam:

From 20 December 1963 to 1969,

And Postage stamps issued by Provisional Revolutionary Government of Republic of South Vietnam

From 22 April 1970 to 24 June 1976.

Circulated in the liberated zones of South Vietnam

 

B - Postage stamps issued by other regimes.

  

 

I - Indo-chinese stamps: from 1889 to 1949

and II - Vietnam National stamps (Bao Dai): from 1951 to 1955

Circulated in temporarily occupied areas.

 

II - Stamps of the Republic of Vietnam (former Saigon puppet regime):

From 1956 to 1975, circulated in the areas under the control of the former Saigon puppet regime.

By the 30 April 1975 victory, South Vietnam was completely liberated and Vietnam reunified, the stamps issued by Saigon puppet regime terminated its circulation.

On 2nd July 1976, the National Assembly of Vietnam decided to change the name of country in to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. And that moment, stamps issued by the Provisional Revolution Government of South Vietnam and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam had run their course and merged into the postage stamps of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam with the inscription "VIET NAM". The last set of these two flows of revolutionary stamps features the map of Vietnam, peaches and apricots in blossom and the inscription "Vietnam is one, the Vietnamese nation is one" and "Independence, Unification and Socialism".

After half a century of existence and development, Vietnamese Postage Stamps have been growing up in every aspect. Vietnam stamps have reflected the country of Vietnam: her land and people, her historical landmarks and development and all other activities in Vietnam.

 

Vietnam Stamp Company

 

Vietnam Stamp Company was established on 1st July 1977 in accordance with Decision No. 988/QD of the Department General of Posts and Telecommunications.

On 1st January 1996 Vietnam Stamp Company becomes a state-run self-accounting enterprise affiliated to Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Corporation.

 

• International Business name: Vietnam Stamp Company (COTEVINA).

 

• Head office: 14 Tran Hung Dao Street, Hanoi.

- Tel.: (84.04)39331003 - Fax: (84.04)38269917

 

• Branch: 18 Dinh Tien Hoang Street, District No.1, Ho-Chi-Minh City.

- Tel.: (84.08)38222326 - Fax: (84.08)38245362

 

• Managing director: Ms Tran Thi My Hang

 

Main functions:

 

• Producing postage stamps and other philatelic items.

• Supplying postage stamps, Maximum Cards, Aerogrammes,... for the Postal network of Vietnam.

• Deals in postage stamps and other philatelic products at home and abroad.

• Holding and participating in national stamp shows, world and international philatelic exhibitions as well.

 

Products of COTEVINA

 

 

1. Postage stamps for postal network

 

2. Stamp for Philately: complete set, short set and single stamp, block of (Vietnam and other foreign countries) (mint and used) (perf. and imperf.)

• Year composition, collection (mixed and thematic), mixed packet (make-up and not-make-up).

• Postal cards, Cards maximum, Pre-stamped envelope, First Day Cover (FDC)

• Philatelic accessories: Album, folder, stamp-holding sheet, perforation gauge, stamp pin.

 

3. Other items

 

Telephone card and numismatics

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